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Pre-Writing Skills

Updated: Sep 9

Pre-writing skills are the fundamental skills children need to develop before they are able to write. These skills contribute to the child’s ability to hold and use a pencil and the ability to draw, write, copy, and color.


Some of the pre-writing skills include:


  • Well-developed gross motor control

  • Good posture and core control

  • The ability to cross the midline

  • Bilateral co-ordination

  • Good pencil grip

  • Well-developed fine motor control

  • Ability to form basic patterns


Well-developed gross motor control - In order to learn to write, children must have control of their bodies and develop their gross motor skills. Fine motor control depends on having well-developed gross motor control. Children should be spending a large amount of time in free play each and every day. Some examples of gross motor activities include:

  • jumping on a trampoline

  • climbing a rock wall

  • crawling through tunnels

  • playing on the playground




Good posture and core control - Writing involves having the correct posture and core control to be able to sit at a desk for a length of time without getting tired. It is essential for children to have strong shoulders in order to facilitate arm and wrist movements and strong fingers in order to assist in grasping objects.

Postural control starts developing from the moment a child is born. Initially, babies have no postural control. Their heads even need support. Over time a baby can hold their head up and then push up on their arms and roll over. Moreover, tummy time helps to develop these skills and helps with shoulder stability.